Republican Lawmakers in Virginia Have Drafted New Cannabis Legislation


Virginia adult-use cannabis law isn’t even a year old, but changes are likely afoot.

Will Virginia Legalize Cannabis?

Much has changed in the commonwealth since then-Gov. Ralph Northam signed a bill making Virginia the first state in the South to legalize recreational cannabis.

Virginia Republicans now control one-half of the legislature and have one of their own in the governor’s mansion. As such, GOP lawmakers there have “drafted bills that would move up the start date for retail sales and get rid of a provision that would give licensing preference to people who’ve been convicted of marijuana crimes,” according to the Associated Press.

The AP said they have “filed at least eight bills that call for amendments to the law that legalized adult possession of up to an ounce of marijuana and laid the groundwork for retail sales to begin in 2024.”

What that will ultimately mean for the new cannabis law remains unclear. But Republicans, including newly sworn-in GOP Gov. Glenn Youngkin, have thus far said that they do not intend to undo legalization––despite most of the party being opposed to the effort to end the prohibition on pot last year.

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Regulating Cannabis Sales in VA

In an interview published last month, Youngkin said point-blank that he “will not seek to overturn the law on personal possession.” Still, he expressed less certainty about regulating cannabis sales.

“When it comes to commercialization, I think there is a lot of work to be done. I’m not against it, but there’s a lot of work to be done,” Youngkin told Virginia Business. “There are some nonstarters, including the forced unionization that’s in the current bill. Law enforcement has expressed concerns about how the gap in the laws can be enforced. Finally, there’s a real need to make sure that we aren’t promoting an anti-competitive industry. I understand that there are preferences to ensure that all participants in the industry are qualified to do the industry well.”

Northam signed the measure into law last spring, and since July 1, 2021, it has been legal for Virginia adults aged 21 and older to possess as much as an ounce of weed. But pot sales remain illegal under the law. The newly created Cannabis Control Authority, the regulatory agency overseeing Virginia’s new cannabis industry, has said legal sales will not begin before 2024.

The new cannabis law also included social justice provisions, with an aim toward expunging and re-sentencing previous low-level marijuana convictions.

“What this really means is that people will no longer be arrested or face penalties for simple possession that follow them and affect their lives,” Northam said after signing the bill into law last year. “We know that marijuana laws in Virginia and throughout this country have been disproportionately enforced against communities of color and low-income Virginians.”

But that, too, is an area where Republicans and Democrats in Virginia are at odds.

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Delta 8 and THC in Virginia

The Virginia Mercury reported last month that a committee composed of state Senators and House members began making recommendations to other lawmakers on a proposal to begin marijuana sales earlier than 2024. However, those committee members were unable to agree on re-sentencing for marijuana convictions because they ran out of time.

The Washington Post reported over the weekend that some bills offered “focus on the re-sentencing process for marijuana-related offenses and record expungement.”

One bill introduced by a GOP member of the House of Delegates would nix “a provision that would give licensing preference to applicants who were convicted or related to someone who was convicted of a marijuana-related crime,” while maintaining “other portions of the social equity provision, such as giving preference to applicants who live in communities disproportionately impacted by drug law enforcement, or who graduated from a historically Black college or university in the commonwealth.”

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